Beyond Operations

Dr. Philip Olfield (FBE)

Sustainable Materials and the Growing Importance of Embodied Carbon

84% of all building materials are ceramics (dominated by concrete), which compares with polymers (plastics) at only 1%. The use and manufacture of cement results in 5% of all anthropogenic carbon emissions.

Generally, 60% of energy is operating energy and 40% is embodies energy.

Stricter building regulations have reduced energy use, but generally increased building materials (e.g. insulation, PV cells etc.)

How can we reduce embodied energy?

  • reduce
  • recycle
  • reuse

Make buildings durable and beautiful so they last 200 years

Further Resouces

  • BRE Green Guide to Specification

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